Small, Light Duty Benchtop Vise - Powerful Handmade site

Small, Light Duty Benchtop Vise

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Introduction: Small, Light Duty Benchtop Vise

Small, Light Duty Benchtop Vise

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I used to be getting ready to purchasing myself a small benchtop vise, however then I believed: As it may not be used for heavy accountability duties, why now not construct one myself, and save a couple of cents? So that is what I got here up with with affordable fabrics I had available.

Step 1: The Basic Idea

The Basic Idea
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The first symbol presentations how the vise works. The major body, with a set jaw on the most sensible, is clamped to the workbench, whilst the opposite jaw is fastened on parallel hands which may also be adjusted by way of an adjustment screw to open and shut the jaws.

The 2d image presentations the principle portions ahead of ultimate meeting. The 3rd image presentations the adjusting hands fastened to the principle body, and within the fourth image the adjusting screw is fitted. The ultimate image presentations the jaws being closed/opened by means of turning the adjustment screw.

A good thing about this design is that it has a small footprint. A con is that the movable jaw travels in an arc, which adjustments its peak and attitude as it’s opened/closed. As lengthy as it isn’t opened too broad, the exchange in peak isn’t truly an issue. The answer for the converting attitude is to permit the jaw to swivel between its mounting issues. The attitude is then mechanically adjusted whilst you clamp one thing between the jaws.

Of route the durability of the vise relies on the fabrics used. If you simply wish to clamp issues firmly, picket does a just right task. But after all if created from steel the vise will have to have spectacular power.

In my case I used shelving pine (softwood) for the principle body, and for the jaws and adjustment hands I used hardwood, harvested from an undesirable thorn tree in my yard.

Step 2: The Measurements

The Measurements

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The image presentations the entire elementary measurements I used. Of route the scale may also be tailored to 1’s wishes.

The major portions are all 40mm broad: The major body, the jaws and the fixture (now not visual within the image) between the hands for the nut through which the adjustment bolt turns.

Step three: Building the Vise: the Main Frame

Building the Vise: the Main Frame
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Best is to first construct the principle body, proven within the first image. I used 45mm drywall screws and white (PVA) picket glue to mend the horizontal portions to the upright again section (2d image). However, I later needed to substitute the screws protecting the center section with wood dowels, because the screws fouled the smaller screws protecting the adjustment hands.

The distance between the 2 horizontal portions is determined by the thickness of your bench most sensible. My bench most sensible is 37mm thick, so I went for an area of 42mm.

The subsequent step is to drill the holes for the clamping screw within the backside section, in addition to the outlet within the upright section to deal with the adjustment bolt, 40mm up from the center section. The dimension in each instances used to be 8mm: The backside section used to be fitted with a T-nut which required an eight mm hollow, and the outlet for the 6mm adjustment bolt used to be additionally 8mm because the bolt has to suit loosely as a way to accommodate the converting attitude of the adjustment hands.

Step four: Building Continued: the Hardwood Bits

Building Continued: the Hardwood Bits
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I made the adjustment hands, the jaws, and the proper protecting the nut for the adjustment bolt from hardwood, as they’re all load bearing portions.

The swivelling jaw and the fixture for the adjustment nut are each the similar dimension: 15mm x 12mm x 40mm lengthy. Both are fastened between the adjustment hands with 3mm x 25mm picket screws (first image), and the similar screw dimension could also be used to mend the hands’ backside ends to the principle body. I drilled three,5mm holes on the suitable puts within the hands, and 3mm holes within the centre of either side of the swivelling jaw and the nut fixture (2d image). The larger holes for the shafts of the screws are to permit for motion of the other portions because the jaws are opened and closed.

Some more or less nut needs to be suited for the adjustment nut fixture (3rd image). I glued a typical nut right into a hollow within the fixture, however a T-nut or threaded insert will also be used (fourth image). To are compatible the nut, I drilled a 12mm hollow within the most sensible part of the fixture into which the nut used to be glued, with a eight mm hollow from the ground to deal with the bolt, however combating the nut from being pulled throughout the hollow when a load is implemented (closing two footage).

Step five: Screwing It All Together

Screwing It All Together
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The fastened jaw can simply be glued to the highest a part of the principle body (first image).

Then the swivelling jaw may also be screwed to the hands, however observe the offset of the holes within the hands (2d image). This we could the jaw’s face protrude a couple of millimeters past the hands, and likewise supplies a larger load bearing space at the hands.

Next are the holes to suit the ground ends of the adjustment hands to the principle body. To be sure that the jaws will align accurately, I recommend clamping the jaws in combination (3rd image), whilst drilling the holes. Lastly the holes for the adjustment nut fixture may also be drilled in keeping with the outlet drilled previous in the principle body for the adjustment bolt.

The closing image presentations the holes drilled within the hands, and the screws able to be fitted. They will have to are compatible rather tight, however will have to nonetheless permit motion of the other portions (the jaw swivels, as does the fixture for the adjustment nut, and naturally the hands itself activates their solving screws on the backside because the jaws is opened/closed).

Step 6: The Adjustment Screws

The Adjustment Screws
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The vise has two adjustment screws: One on the backside for solving the vise to the bench most sensible, and one at the again to open and shut the jaws with.

For the ground adjustment screw I used one thing referred to as an “adjustable leg” (first picture). I believe it’s used at the backside of desk legs to regulate the peak of the leg, however I’ve discovered it very helpful as a adjustment knob for different functions. The ones I purchased have a threaded section 6mm x 30mm lengthy, which matches properly with the 18mm pine shelving I take advantage of for plenty of of my initiatives. To accommodate the screw, I used a T-nut, handled with a dollop of touch glue ahead of urgent it into position. I first drilled an 8mm hollow for the stem of the T-nut, and countersunk the highest of the nut with a 19mm spade drill bit (2d image).

The maximum essential adjustment screw is after all the bolt opening and shutting the jaws of the vice. A 6mm bolt, 75mm lengthy, labored completely. The knob I shaped out of a plastic Coke bottle most sensible. First I drilled a 6mm hollow throughout the heart of the cap, wherein I driven the bolt, fitted with washers on either side of the cap. A locknut holds the whole thing in position (3rd and fourth footage). My model of a locknut is to simply injury the threads of the bolt with a punch to stay an bizarre nut firmly in position.

The bolt then suits via a washing machine (closing image) and the hole behind the principle body, and is screwed into the nut fixture between the adjustment hands.

Step 7: Finished!

Finished!

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And there you’re: Your hand-crafted vice able for (now not so heavy) use!

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